O primeiro Batman
Batman is a 15-chapter serial, released in 1943 by Columbia Pictures. The serial starred Lewis Wilson as Batman and Douglas Croft as Robin. J. Carrol Naish played the villain, an original character named Dr. Daka. Rounding out the cast were Shirley Patterson as Linda Page (Bruce Wayne’s love interest), and William Austin as Alfred the butler. The plot involved Batman — as a U.S. government agent — attempting to defeat the Japanese agent Dr. Daka, at the height of World War II.
The film is notable for being the first filmed appearance of Batman, and for debuting story details that became permanent parts of the Batman mythos. It introduced “The Bat’s Cave”, and its secret entrance through a grandfather clock inside Wayne Manor. Both departures subsequently appeared in the comics. The serial also changed the course of how Alfred Pennyworth’s physical appearance would be depicted in later Batman works. At the time it was released in theaters, Alfred was overweight and clean-shaven in Batman comics. After William Austin’s portrayal in these chapter plays, however, subsequent issues of the comics portrayed him Austin had: trim, and sporting a thin mustache . The serial was commercially successful, and spawned a sequel, Batman and Robin, in 1949. However, the sequel’s very-low production values and over-the-top action and dialogue caused later audiences and reviewers to find it ridiculous. It was re-released in 1965 to capitalize on its camp value. The re-released version, called An Evening with Batman and Robin, proved very popular, and its success inspired the intentionally campy Batman television series (and its 1966 feature film spin-off) starring Adam West and Burt Ward.